How To Dockerize an Angular Application with multistage build
- A multistage build allows you to use multiple images to build a final product.
- In a multi-stage build, you have a single Dockerfile but can define multiple images inside it to help build the final image.
- This approach to keeping Docker images small is using multistage builds
Let’s try to understand the multi-stage docker file that you can find in the below GitHub page.
Clone the sample angular code
You will see a DockerFile with the below content.
# Step 1: Build the app in image 'builder'
FROM node:12.8-alpine AS builder# Set the working directory
WORKDIR /usr/src/app# Add the source code to app
COPY . .# Generate the build of the application
RUN yarn && yarn build# Step 2: Use build output from 'builder'
FROM nginx:stable-alpine# Use Labels for organize Docker Images
LABEL version="1.0"# Add the nginx.conf file
COPY nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf# Set the working directory
WORKDIR /usr/share/nginx/html# Copy the build output to replace the default nginx contents
COPY --from=builder /usr/src/app/dist/my-angular-app/ .
This Dockerfile has two stages.
- It will initialize a first build stage and this stage is named as
- Angular build in a new layer on top of the base node image. After this instruction is executed, the build output is stored under
- Initializes a secondary build stage
- Copies the build output generated in stage 1 (
--from=build) to replace the default Nginx contents in this path -/usr/share/nginx/html.
Now, let’s build a docker image and run a container
$ docker build -t angular:v1.0.0 .
$ docker run -d -p 80:80 --name angular-app angular:v1.0.0
Test the application